Composting is the process of using recycled materials from your home to create an organic soil to add to and replenish the existing soil on your property.
What You Can Use When Composting
Cut up paper
Hay & Straw
Paper & Cardboard
Green Plant Cuttings
Young Hedge Trimmings
Step 1: Choose Your Compost Bin
Step 2: Suitable Location
Step 3: Add Good Composting Materials
Step 4: Don’t Add To Your Compost!There are a number of materials that you should keep out of your composting pile. Adding the below materials to your pile is simply dangerous because of the chance of poisoning or disease. Human and pet faeces, chemically or pressure treated wood or sawdust, and meat and animal fats fall into this category and should never be added to your compost pile.
Meat & Bones
Poultry & Fish
Fatty Food Waste
Human & Pet Faeces
Step 5: Making The Best Compost
Making great compost is good fun and is a bit like making a layer cake!
Start with a 4 ( 400 mls ) inch layer of brush, twigs, hay or straw at the bottom of the bin, this is really for drainage. Then add a 4 inch layer of brown material, then a thin layer of finished compost or good garden soil. That’s one layer.
Then add a 4 inch layer of green material topped with a thin layer of compost or soil. Moisten each layer by misting it lightly with a garden hose. Keep adding materials in alternating layers of greens and browns until the bin is full.
I always find it gets the composting process moving quickly if you give the finished heap a good soaking and then leave it for a week or two. In summer you may also need to water every few days to keep things moist.
Once you have a full bin you can turn the pile every 14 days or so. The more you turn the pile the faster you will have finished compost! It also helps to cover the heap; it will retain moisture and keep pests off.